By Ulrich L. Lehner
"Whoever wishes an act of religion to explain an occasion that may be defined by way of cause is a idiot, and unworthy of moderate thought." This line, spoken through the infamous 18th-century libertine Giacomo Casanova, illustrates a deeply entrenched belief of faith, as ordinary at the present time because it was once enormous quantities of years in the past. it's the sentiment at the back of the narrative that Catholic ideals have been incompatible with the Enlightenment beliefs. Catholics, many declare, are superstitious and standard, against democracy and gender equality, and adverse to technological know-how. it could actually come as a shock, then, to profit that Casanova himself was once a Catholic. In The Catholic Enlightenment, Ulrich L. Lehner issues to such figures as representatives of a long-overlooked thread of a reform-minded Catholicism, which engaged Enlightenment beliefs with as a lot fervor and highbrow gravity as somebody. Their tale opens new pathways for figuring out how religion and modernity can have interaction in our personal time.
Lehner starts 2 hundred years earlier than the Enlightenment, whilst the Protestant Reformation destroyed the hegemony Catholicism had loved for hundreds of years. in this time the Catholic Church instituted numerous reforms, similar to larger schooling for pastors, extra liberal principles in regards to the roles of girls, and an emphasis on human freedom as a serious characteristic of theology. those activities shaped the root of the Enlightenment's trust in person freedom. whereas giants like Spinoza, Locke, and Voltaire turned probably the most influential voices of the time, Catholic Enlighteners have been correct along them. They denounced fanaticism, superstition, and prejudice as irreconcilable with the Enlightenment time table.
In 1789, the French Revolution dealt a devastating blow to their reason, disillusioning many Catholics opposed to the assumption of modernization. Popes accrued ever extra energy and the Catholic Enlightenment was once snuffed out. It was once now not till the second one Vatican Council in 1962 that questions of Catholicism's compatibility with modernity will be broached back.
Ulrich L. Lehner tells, for the 1st time, the forgotten tale of those reform-minded Catholics. As Pope Francis pushes the limits of Catholicism even additional, and Catholics once more grapple with those questions, this publication will end up to be required reading.
Read or Download The Catholic Enlightenment: The Forgotten History of a Global Movement PDF
Best Religious books
Rising from the thought-provoking discussions and correspondence Simone Weil had with the Reverend Father Perrin, this vintage selection of essays includes the well known thinker and social activist's such a lot profound meditations at the courting of human existence to the world of the transcendent. a permanent masterwork and "one of the main overlooked assets of our century" (Adrienne Rich), looking ahead to God will proceed to persuade religious and political proposal for hundreds of years to return.
This new, thoroughly revised and up-to-date variation locations specific emphasis on concerns that have lately develop into philosophically arguable. Brian Davies offers a serious exam of the elemental questions of faith and the ways that those questions were taken care of via such thinkers as Anselm, Aquinas, Descartes, Leibnitz, Hume, Kant, Karl Barth, and Wittgenstein.
The massive Bang is a fantasy, says Paul Brockelman during this interesting examine the religious facet of contemporary cosmology. however it is a fantasy within the most sensible sense--a totally learned construction tale, person who, for all its clinical origins, has the facility to rework us spiritually. In Cosmology and production, thinker and non secular student Brockelman seeks to bridge the distance among the clinical and the non secular, to compile (as he places it) the top and the center.
Paul Helm provides a brand new, extended version of his a lot praised 1988 e-book everlasting God , which defends the view that God exists in undying eternity. this is often the classical Christian view of God, however it is alleged through many theologians and philosophers of faith to be incoherent. Paul Helm rebuts the cost of incoherence, arguing that divine timelessness is grounded within the concept of God as writer, and that this on my own makes attainable a formal account of divine omniscience.
Extra info for The Catholic Enlightenment: The Forgotten History of a Global Movement