Download E-books Requiem for Revolution: The United States and Brazil, 1961-1969 (American Diplomatic History) PDF

By Ruth Leacock

“Let us once more remodel the yankee continent right into a colossal crucible of innovative rules and efforts…” recommended President John F. Kennedy on March thirteen, 1961.  “Let us once more wake up our American revolution until eventually it courses the fight of individuals everywhere―not with an imperialism of strength or worry, however the rule of braveness and freedom and wish for the way forward for man.”

Similar calls stirred Latin America.  In Brazil, it got here from left-wing politicians, intellectuals, hard work leaders, and students.  The revolution on April Fool’s Day, 1964 was once no longer precisely the one the Brazilian Left had sought.  Nor was once the uncontested army coup the victory of braveness and freedom and desire that Kennedy had referred to as for.  nonetheless, it did undergo an American and particularly anticommunist imprint.  Kennedy had pressed his aides to outline a brand new doctrine known as for covert operations to get conservative anticommunists elected to the Brazilian Congress, to arm and teach anticommunist guerrillas, and to mobilize businessmen, army officials, housewives, monks, and scholars in an anticommunist crusade.  concurrently there has been to be overt strain at the Brazilian executive by means of kingdom division officers and by means of unique White residence emissaries.  whilst the suspect Brazilian president was once overthrown through the army, Washington swiftly embraced the hot regime.  beneficiant aid for the dictatorship persevered for the rest of the Nineteen Sixties, regardless of the regime’s use of torture and terrorist dying squads and its systematic deprivation of the civil and political rights of its citizens.  The trend didn't have to be reinvented for critical American within the 1980s.

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