Three. four Electrocyclic methods in heterocyclic ring synthesis sixty one three. five Nitrenes in heterocyclic ring synthesis sixty two References for bankruptcy three sixty three four average reactivity of pyridines, quinolines and isoquinolines sixty four five Pyridines: reactions and synthesis seventy two five. 1 Reactions with electrophilic reagents seventy three five. 2 Reactions with oxidising brokers seventy nine five. three Reactions with nucleophilic reagents eighty five. four Reactions with bases eighty two five. five Reactions of C-metallated pyridines eighty three five. 6 Reactions with radical reagents eighty five five. 7 Reactions with decreasing brokers 86 five. eight Electrocyclic reactions (ground kingdom) 87 five. nine Photochemical reactions 88 five. 10 Oxy-and aminopyridines 89 five. eleven Alkylpyridines ninety four five. 12 Pyridine aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and esters ninety five five. thirteen Quatemary pyridinium salts ninety five five. 14 Pyridine N -oxides 10 1 five. 15 Synthesis of pyridines 104 References for bankruptcy five 111 routines for bankruptcy five 118 6 Quinolines and isoquinolines: reactions and synthesis a hundred and twenty 6. 1 Reactions with electrophilic reagents 121 6. 2 Reactions with oxidising brokers 123 6. three Reactions with nucleophilic reagents 123 6. four Reactions with bases a hundred twenty five 6. five Reactions of C-metallated quinolines and isoquinolines 126 6. 6 Reactions with radical reagents 126 6. 7 Reactions with decreasing brokers 126 6. eight Electrocyclic reactions (ground nation) 127 6. nine Photochemical reactions 128 6. 10 Oxyquinolines and -isoquinolines 128 6. eleven Aminoquinolines and -isoquinolines a hundred thirty 6. 12 Alkylquinolines and -isoquinolines one hundred thirty 6.
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