Download E-books Expelling the Poor: Atlantic Seaboard States and the Nineteenth-Century Origins of American Immigration Policy PDF

By Hidetaka Hirota

Historians have lengthy assumed that immigration to the USA was once loose from law until eventually anti-Asian racism at the West Coast prompted the creation of federal legislation to limit chinese language immigration within the Eighteen Eighties. experiences of ecu immigration and executive keep an eye on at the East Coast have, in the meantime, excited by Ellis Island, which opened in 1892.

In this groundbreaking paintings, Hidetaka Hirota reinterprets the origins of immigration restrict within the usa, in particular deportation coverage, providing the 1st sustained examine of immigration regulate performed via states sooner than the creation of federal immigration legislation. confronted with the inflow of impoverished Irish immigrants over the 1st 1/2 the 19th century, nativists in big apple and Massachusetts outfitted upon colonial bad legislation to increase rules for prohibiting the touchdown of destitute foreigners and deporting these already resident to Europe, Canada, or different American states. those regulations laid the principles for federal immigration legislations. via investigating country officers' practices of unlawful removing, together with the in a foreign country deportation of electorate, this ebook finds how the state-level remedy of destitute immigrants set precedents for using unrestricted energy opposed to bad extraterrestrial beings. It additionally strains the transnational lives of the migrants from their preliminary departure from eire and passage to North the US via their expulsion from the USA and postdeportation lives in Europe, exhibiting how American deportation coverage operated as a part of the wider exclusion of nonproducing contributors from societies within the Atlantic world.

By finding the roots of yank immigration keep watch over in cultural prejudice opposed to the Irish and, extra primarily, financial issues approximately their poverty in nineteenth-century long island and Massachusetts, Expelling the Poor essentially revises the heritage of yankee immigration policy.

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